In the 2018-2020 triennium, life expectancy at birth was estimated at 81.06 years, and men and women could expect to live up to 78.07 years and 83.67 years, respectively. Compared with 2017-2019, it represents an increase of about 1 and a half months for men and 2 months for women.
Within a decade, there was a gain of 1.77 years of life for the total population, 1.90 years for men and 1.48 years for women. This increase in female life expectancy at birth resulted mainly from a reduction in mortality among those aged 60 years and over. For men, these gains continued to be mainly due to the decrease of mortality below 60 years.
Life expectancy at age 65, in the period 2018-2020, attained 19.69 years for the total population. Men aged 65 years could expect to live 17.76 years, and women aged 65, 21.11 years, which corresponds to an increase of 0.06 and 0.11 years, respectively, compared with 2017-2019. In the last ten years, life expectancy at age 65 has increased 1.02 years for men and 1.08 years for women.
The results of a prospective exercise based on mortality data observed in the first four months of 2021 and mortality forecasts for the period from May to December 2021, indicate that in the 2019-2021 triennium, life expectancy at birth may be 80.83 years, a reduction of 2.76 months compared to 2018-2020, and that life expectancy at age 65 may decrease to 19.44 years, a reduction of 3 months compared to the previous three-year period.